Written By fania lubis on Friday, 3 March 2017 | 12:38
Dessert is a course that proves a primary meal. The course usually involves sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include coffee, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western Africa, there is no custom of the dessert course to conclude meals.The phrase "dessert" can apply to many confections, such as bread, tarts, cookies, biscuits, jellies, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and sweet soups. Fruit is also commonly found in delicacy courses because of their naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly tasty to create desserts.
The particular word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education manual entitled Naturall and unnatural Directions for Health, which was authored by William Vaughan. In his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served after the table got been cleared of other dishes. The term dates from the 14th century but achieved its current meaning round the beginning of the twentieth century when "service? los angeles fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes on the table at the same time) was replace by "service? una russe" (presenting a dinner in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in ancient Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were most likely the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13Typically the spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and processed in India before five hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, rendering it easy to transport, by five-hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and The far east by 600 CE. Within South Asia, the Middle East and China, glucose has been a basic piece of cooking and puddings for over a 1000 years. Sugarcane and sugars were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization spread its use.Europeans started out to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Also then sugar was so expensive usually the particular prosperous could indulge on special occasions. The first apple company pie recipe was published in 1381. The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. Typically the Industrial Revolution in The usa and Europe caused desserts (and food in general) to be mass-produced, prepared, preserved, canned, and packaged. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing emerged. These fully processed foods became a huge part of diets in many industrialized nations. Several countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet tender breads made with glucose and delicate flour. Cakes can vary from light, well-ventilated sponge cakes to thick cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried up, candied or fresh fruits, nuts, cocoa or extracts. They may be filled up with fruit preserves or delicacy sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and adorned with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit. Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and 1st birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and petits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brownish, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, floor, and frequently flavored. Pure, unsweet ill-flavored chocolate contains generally powdered cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions. Very much of the chocolate currently consumed is in the form of sweet dark chocolate, combining chocolate with glucose. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolate that additionally contains dairy powder or condensed milk. Candy contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Dark chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugar to the cacao mixture, with no milk or much less than milk chocolate.