Written By fania lubis on Saturday, 25 February 2017 | 12:38
Treat is a course that proves a main meal. The course usually includes sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include java, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western The african continent, there is no custom of a dessert course to conclude food intake.The term "dessert" can apply to many confections, such as cakes, tarts, cookies, biscuits, jellies, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and fairly sweet soups. Fruit is also commonly found in dessert courses because of its naturally occurring sweetness. Several cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly savory to create desserts.
Typically the word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education handbook entitled Naturall and synthetic Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. In his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served following the table had been cleared of other dishes. The particular term dates from the 14th century but gained its current meaning across the beginning of the twentieth century when "service? los angeles fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes available at the same time) was replaced with "service? los angeles russe" (presenting a dinner in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in ancient Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were possibly the first sweeteners used in the majority of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and sophisticated in India before five hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, rendering it easy to transport, by 500 CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and China by 600 CE. Inside South Asia, the Middle East and China, glucose has been a staple of cooking and puddings for over a 1000 years. Sugarcane and sugar were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization spread its use.Europeans started out to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Even then sugar was so expensive usually only the rich could indulge on special occasions. The first apple company pie recipe was posted in 1381. The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The Industrial Revolution in The united states and Europe caused puddings (and food in general) to be mass-produced, processed, preserved, canned, and manufactured. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing appeared. These processed foods became a sizable part of diets in many industrialized nations. Numerous countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with glucose and delicate flour. Truffles can vary from light, well-ventilated sponge cakes to dense cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried up, candied or fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or components. They may be full of fruit preserves or dessert sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and adorned with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit. Dessert is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and 1st birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and réduits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brownish, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, floor, and often flavored. Pure, unsweet ill-flavored chocolate contains generally cocoa solids and cocoa rechausser in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate at present consumed is in the form of sweet chocolate, combining chocolate with sugars. Business is sweet dark chocolate that additionally contains whole milk powder or condensed dairy. Candy contains cocoa rechausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Dark chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugars to the cacao blend, with no milk or much less than milk chocolate.