Written By fania lubis on Sunday, 12 February 2017 | 12:38
Delicacy is a course that concludes a main meal. The course usually involves sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include espresso, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western Africa, there is no custom of any dessert course to conclude food intake.The expression "dessert" can apply to many confections, such as cakes, tarts, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and nice soups. Fruit is also commonly found in treat courses because of its naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly tasty to create desserts.
The particular word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education manual entitled Naturall and synthetic Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. In his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served following the table had been cleared of other dishes. Typically the term dates from the 14th century but achieved its current meaning around the beginning of the 20th century when "service? los angeles fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes available at the same time) was replaced with "service? la russe" (presenting a food in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in old Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were probably the first sweeteners used in the majority of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and processed in India before 500 BCE: 26 and was crystallized, so that it is easy to transport, by five hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making glucose available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and The far east by 600 CE. Inside South Asia, the Center East and China, glucose has been a staple of cooking and puddings for over a thousand years. Sugarcane and sugars were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization spread its use.Europeans started out to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Also then sugar was so expensive usually only the prosperous could indulge on special occasions. The first apple company pie recipe was posted in 1381. The first documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. Typically the Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused puddings (and food in general) to be mass-produced, highly processed, preserved, canned, and packaged. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing surfaced. These processed foods became a big part of diets in many industrialized nations. Numerous countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with sugars and delicate flour. Bread can vary from light, cut sponge cakes to heavy cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried up, candied or fresh fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or extracts. They may be full of fruit preserves or treat sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and decorated with marzipan, piped edges, or candied fruit. Wedding cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and petits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually dark brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, floor, and frequently flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains mostly cocoa solids and cocoa chausser in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate currently consumed is in the form of sweet chocolates, combining chocolate with sugar. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolate that additionally contains dairy powder or condensed milk. Candy contains cocoa chausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Darkish chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugar to the cacao combination, with no milk or much less than dairy chocolate.