Written By fania lubis on Saturday, 28 January 2017 | 12:38
Dessert is a course that concludes a main meal. The course usually contains sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include coffee, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western The african continent, there is no custom of the dessert course to conclude meals.The term "dessert" can apply at many confections, such as cakes, tarts, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and sweet soups. Fruit is also commonly found in dessert courses because of the naturally occurring sweetness. Several cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly gustful strong gamy palatable to create desserts.
The word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education guide entitled Naturall and artificial Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. In his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served following your table got been cleared of other dishes. The particular term dates from the 14th century but attained its current meaning around the beginning of the twentieth century when "service? los angeles fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes available at the same time) was replaced with "service? la russe" (presenting a food in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in ancient Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were most likely the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13Typically the spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and processed in India before 500 BCE: 26 and was crystallized, rendering it easy to transport, by five hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and China by 600 CE. Within South Asia, the Center East and China, sugar has been a basic piece of cooking and puddings for over a thousand years. Sugarcane and sugar were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization distribute its use.Europeans started out to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Also then sugar was so expensive usually only the rich could indulge on special occasions. The first the apple company pie recipe was published in 1381. The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. Typically the Industrial Revolution in The united states and Europe caused sweets (and food in general) to be mass-produced, processed, preserved, canned, and manufactured. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing surfaced. These fully processed foods became a huge part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet tender breads made with glucose and delicate flour. Truffles can vary from light, well-ventilated sponge cakes to heavy cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried, candied or fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or ingredients. They may be filled with fruit preserves or treat sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and adorned with marzipan, piped boundaries, or candied fruit. Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and 1st birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and petits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, floor, and often flavored. Pure, unsweet ill-flavored chocolate contains generally powdered cocoa solids and cocoa chausser in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate currently consumed is in the form of sweet dark chocolate, combining chocolate with sugar. Milk chocolate is sweet dark chocolate that additionally contains milk powder or condensed dairy. Candy contains cocoa rechausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Dark chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugar to the cacao blend, with no milk or much less than milk chocolate.