Written By fania lubis on Wednesday, 18 January 2017 | 12:38
Treat is a course that concludes a primary meal. The course usually contains sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include java, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western The african continent, there is no custom of any dessert course to conclude food intake.The phrase "dessert" can apply at many confections, such as cakes, tarts, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and sweet soups. Fruit is also commonly found in delicacy courses because of the naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly savory to create desserts.
The word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education guide entitled Naturall and artificial Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. Inside his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served following your table had been cleared of other dishes. The term dates from the 14th century but gained its current meaning around the beginning of the 20th century when "service? los angeles fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes on the table at the same time) was replaced with "service? una russe" (presenting a dinner in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in historic Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were probably the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and refined in India before five-hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, so that it is easy to transport, by 500 CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and The far east by 600 CE. In South Asia, the Midsection East and China, glucose has been a software program of cooking and sweets for over a thousands of years. Sugarcane and sugars were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization spread its use.Europeans started out to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Actually then sugar was so expensive usually only the rich could indulge on special occasions. The first apple pie recipe was published in 1381. The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused sweets (and food in general) to be mass-produced, prepared, preserved, canned, and packed. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing emerged. These fully processed foods became a sizable part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet tender breads made with sugars and delicate flour. Cakes can differ from light, cut sponge cakes to dense cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried up, candied or fresh fruits, nuts, cocoa or ingredients. They may be filled with fruit preserves or delicacy sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and decorated with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit. Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and 1st birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and petits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually dark brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, floor, and sometimes flavored. Pure, unsweet ill-flavored chocolate contains generally cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate presently consumed is in the form of sweet chocolate, combining chocolate with sugars. Business is sweet chocolates that additionally contains dairy powder or condensed milk. Candy contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Darker chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugars to the cacao blend, with no milk or much less than dairy chocolate.