Written By fania lubis on Thursday, 12 January 2017 | 12:38
Treat is a course that proves a main meal. The course usually involves sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include java, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western Africa, there is no custom of any dessert course to conclude meals.The expression "dessert" can apply at many confections, such as cakes, tarts, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and fairly sweet soups. Fruit is also commonly found in treat courses because of their naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly savory to create desserts.
Typically the word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education guide entitled Naturall and artificial Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. Within his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served after the table experienced been cleared of other dishes. The particular term dates from the 14th century but achieved its current meaning around the beginning of the 20th century when "service? una fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes available at the same time) was replaced with "service? la russe" (presenting a meal in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in old Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were most likely the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The particular spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and sophisticated in India before five-hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, which makes it easy to transport, by five hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and Tiongkok by 600 CE. Inside South Asia, the Midsection East and China, sugars has been a basic piece of cooking and desserts for over a 1000 years. Sugarcane and sugars were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization propagate its use.Europeans commenced to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Even then sugar was so expensive usually only the rich could indulge on special occasions. The first the apple company pie recipe was released in 1381. The first documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused desserts (and food in general) to be mass-produced, prepared, preserved, canned, and manufactured. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing surfaced. These processed foods became a huge part of diets in many industrialized nations. Several countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet soft breads made with sugars and delicate flour. Bread may differ from light, airy sponge cakes to heavy cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried, candied or fresh fruits, nuts, cocoa or ingredients. They may be full of fruit preserves or treat sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and adorned with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit. Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and 1st birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and petits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brownish, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, floor, and often flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains mostly cacao solids and cocoa rechausser in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate currently consumed is in the form of sweet chocolate, combining chocolate with glucose. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolates that additionally contains dairy powder or condensed whole milk. Candy contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Dark chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugar to the cacao combination, with no milk or much less than dairy chocolate.