Written By fania lubis on Thursday, 22 December 2016 | 12:38
Treat is a course that concludes a primary meal. The course usually involves sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include java, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western Africa, there is no tradition of a dessert course to conclude food intake.The expression "dessert" can apply to many confections, such as truffles, tarts, cookies, biscuits, jellies, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and sweet soups. Fruit is also commonly found in dessert courses because of their naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly gustful strong gamy palatable to create desserts.
Typically the word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education guide entitled Naturall and unnatural Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. Within his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served following the table got been cleared of other dishes. The particular term dates from the 14th century but attained its current meaning around the beginning of the 20th century when "service? una fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes on the table at the same time) was replaced with "service? una russe" (presenting a meal in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in ancient Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were probably the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The particular spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and refined in India before 500 BCE: 26 and was crystallized, which makes it easy to transport, by five-hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making glucose available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and The far east by 600 CE. Within South Asia, the Middle East and China, sugars has been a staple of cooking and puddings for over a 1000 years. Sugarcane and glucose were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization propagate its use.Europeans started to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Actually then sugar was so expensive usually only the prosperous could indulge on special occasions. The first the apple company pie recipe was released in 1381. The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused desserts (and food in general) to be mass-produced, prepared, preserved, canned, and manufactured. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing surfaced. These fully processed foods became a sizable part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet soft breads made with sugar and delicate flour. Cakes may differ from light, airy sponge cakes to thick cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried out, candied or fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or extracts. They may be filled with fruit preserves or delicacy sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and adorned with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit. Dessert is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and petits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, surface, and frequently flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains mainly cocoa solids and cocoa chausser in varying proportions. Very much of the chocolate at present consumed is in the form of sweet dark chocolate, combining chocolate with sugars. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolates that additionally contains milk powder or condensed milk. Candy contains cocoa chausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Dark chocolate is produced by adding fat and glucose to the cacao mixture, with no milk or much less than milk chocolate.