Written By fania lubis on Tuesday, 20 December 2016 | 12:38
Delicacy is a course that proves a main meal. The course usually contains sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include java, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western The african continent, there is no tradition of the dessert course to conclude meals.The phrase "dessert" can apply at many confections, such as bread, tarts, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and nice soups. Fruit is also commonly found in dessert courses because of their naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly savory to create desserts.
Typically the word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education guide entitled Naturall and unnatural Directions for Health, which was authored by William Vaughan. Within his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served following the table got been cleared of other dishes. The term dates from the 14th century but gained its current meaning across the beginning of the 20th century when "service? la fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes available at the same time) was replaced with "service? la russe" (presenting a dinner in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in old Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were probably the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13Typically the spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and refined in India before 500 BCE: 26 and was crystallized, which makes it easy to transport, by five-hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugars available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and Tiongkok by 600 CE. Within South Asia, the Midsection East and China, sugar has been a staple of cooking and sweets for over a thousands of years. Sugarcane and sugars were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization distribute its use.Europeans started to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Also then sugar was so expensive usually only the rich could indulge on special occasions. The first the apple company pie recipe was published in 1381. The first documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused sweets (and food in general) to be mass-produced, highly processed, preserved, canned, and manufactured. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing appeared. These fully processed foods became a sizable part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with sugars and delicate flour. Cakes can vary from light, well-ventilated sponge cakes to dense cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried out, candied or fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or extracts. They may be filled up with fruit preserves or treat sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and embellished with marzipan, piped edges, or candied fruit. Wedding cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and 1st birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and réduits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, ground, and sometimes flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains mostly cacao solids and cocoa chausser in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate currently consumed is in the form of sweet chocolate, combining chocolate with sugar. Milk chocolate is sweet dark chocolate that additionally contains dairy powder or condensed whole milk. Candy contains cocoa rechausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Darker chocolate is produced by adding fat and glucose to the cacao mixture, with no milk or much less than milk chocolate.