Written By fania lubis on Saturday, 3 December 2016 | 12:38
Treat is a course that concludes a main meal. The course usually includes sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include java, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western Africa, there is no tradition of the dessert course to conclude meals.The phrase "dessert" can apply at many confections, such as truffles, tarts, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and nice soups. Fruit is also commonly found in treat courses because of the naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly gustful strong gamy palatable to create desserts.
The word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education handbook entitled Naturall and synthetic Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. In his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served following the table got been cleared of other dishes. Typically the term dates from the 14th century but attained its current meaning around the beginning of the twentieth century when "service? los angeles fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes available at the same time) was replaced with "service? una russe" (presenting a meal in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in historic Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were probably the first sweeteners used in the majority of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The particular spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and refined in India before five hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, which makes it easy to transport, by five-hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and Tiongkok by 600 CE. Inside South Asia, the Center East and China, glucose has been a software program of cooking and sweets for over a thousand years. Sugarcane and sugar were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization propagate its use.Europeans commenced to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Actually then sugar was so expensive usually only the rich could indulge on special occasions. The first apple pie recipe was published in 1381. The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused puddings (and food in general) to be mass-produced, prepared, preserved, canned, and packaged. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing surfaced. These fully processed foods became a big part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with sugar and delicate flour. Cakes can differ from light, airy sponge cakes to heavy cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried out, candied or fresh fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or ingredients. They may be filled up with fruit preserves or treat sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and decorated with marzipan, piped edges, or candied fruit. Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and réduits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brownish, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, ground, and frequently flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains mainly powdered cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate at present consumed is in the form of sweet chocolates, combining chocolate with sugar. Business is sweet dark chocolate that additionally contains dairy powder or condensed whole milk. Candy contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Dark chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugars to the cacao combination, with no milk or much less than whole milk chocolate.