Written By fania lubis on Friday, 2 December 2016 | 12:38
Dessert is a course that concludes a main meal. The course usually contains sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include espresso, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western Cameras, there is no tradition of a dessert course to conclude a meal.The phrase "dessert" can affect many confections, such as bread, tarts, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and nice soups. Fruit is also commonly found in delicacy courses because of their naturally occurring sweetness. A few cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly gustful strong gamy palatable to create desserts.
The word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education guide entitled Naturall and synthetic Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. Within his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served after the table got been cleared of other dishes. The particular term dates from the 14th century but gained its current meaning around the beginning of the 20th century when "service? los angeles fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes on the table at the same time) was replaced with "service? los angeles russe" (presenting a dinner in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in old Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were probably the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and refined in India before 500 BCE: 26 and was crystallized, which makes it easy to transport, by five-hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and Tiongkok by 600 CE. In South Asia, the Middle East and China, sugar has been a staple of cooking and sweets for over a thousand years. Sugarcane and sugars were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization propagate its use.Europeans commenced to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Even then sugar was so expensive usually only the wealthy could indulge on special occasions. The first apple company pie recipe was published in 1381. The first documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The particular Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused sweets (and food in general) to be mass-produced, processed, preserved, canned, and packed. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing appeared. These fully processed foods became a sizable part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with sugar and delicate flour. Cakes can differ from light, cut sponge cakes to thick cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried, candied or fresh fruits, nuts, cocoa or components. They may be filled up with fruit preserves or dessert sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and decorated with marzipan, piped boundaries, or candied fruit. Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and 1st birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and réduits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually dark brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, surface, and frequently flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains generally powdered cocoa solids and cocoa rechausser in varying proportions. Very much of the chocolate at present consumed is in the form of sweet chocolate, combining chocolate with sugars. Milk chocolate is sweet dark chocolate that additionally contains milk powder or condensed milk. Candy contains cocoa chausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Dark chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugar to the cacao blend, with no milk or much less than milk chocolate.