Written By fania lubis on Wednesday, 16 November 2016 | 12:38
Treat is a course that concludes a main meal. The course usually contains sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include coffee, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western The african continent, there is no tradition of a dessert course to conclude a meal.The term "dessert" can apply at many confections, such as truffles, tarts, cookies, biscuits, jellies, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and sweet soups. Fruit is also commonly found in treat courses because of the naturally occurring sweetness. A few cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly tasty to create desserts.
The word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education manual entitled Naturall and synthetic Directions for Health, which was authored by William Vaughan. Within his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served after the table experienced been cleared of other dishes. The term dates from the 14th century but achieved its current meaning across the beginning of the 20th century when "service? una fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes available at the same time) was replace by "service? los angeles russe" (presenting a dinner in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in historic Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were possibly the first sweeteners used in the majority of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and sophisticated in India before five hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, rendering it easy to transport, by five hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making glucose available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and Tiongkok by 600 CE. Within South Asia, the Middle East and China, sugars has been a basic piece of cooking and puddings for over a thousands of years. Sugarcane and sugar were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization spread its use.Europeans commenced to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Also then sugar was so expensive usually the particular wealthy could indulge on special occasions. The first apple pie recipe was released in 1381. The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. Typically the Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused desserts (and food in general) to be mass-produced, prepared, preserved, canned, and manufactured. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing emerged. These processed foods became a sizable part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with glucose and delicate flour. Bread may differ from light, well-ventilated sponge cakes to thick cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried out, candied or fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or extracts. They may be filled with fruit preserves or dessert sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and decorated with marzipan, piped boundaries, or candied fruit. Wedding cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and réduits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brownish, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, ground, and often flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains mainly cocoa solids and cocoa rechausser in varying proportions. Very much of the chocolate at present consumed is in the form of sweet chocolate, combining chocolate with sugars. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolates that additionally contains whole milk powder or condensed dairy. Candy contains cocoa rechausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Darkish chocolate is produced by adding fat and glucose to the cacao mixture, with no milk or much less than dairy chocolate.