Written By fania lubis on Monday, 21 November 2016 | 12:38
Dessert is a course that concludes a main meal. The course usually involves sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include espresso, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western The african continent, there is no traditions of any dessert course to conclude food intake.The phrase "dessert" can apply to many confections, such as cakes, tarts, cookies, biscuits, jellies, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and nice soups. Fruit is also commonly found in delicacy courses because of its naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly savory to create desserts.
Typically the word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education manual entitled Naturall and artificial Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. Inside his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served following the table experienced been cleared of other dishes. The particular term dates from the 14th century but achieved its current meaning round the beginning of the 20th century when "service? los angeles fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes on the table at the same time) was replace by "service? la russe" (presenting a dinner in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in ancient Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were probably the first sweeteners used in the majority of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and refined in India before five-hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, which makes it easy to transport, by five-hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and The far east by 600 CE. In South Asia, the Center East and China, glucose has been a software program of cooking and puddings for over a thousands of years. Sugarcane and sugar were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization distribute its use.Europeans started to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Also then sugar was so expensive usually only the prosperous could indulge on special occasions. The first apple pie recipe was published in 1381. The first documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused sweets (and food in general) to be mass-produced, highly processed, preserved, canned, and manufactured. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing emerged. These fully processed foods became a huge part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with sugar and delicate flour. Bread may differ from light, airy sponge cakes to thick cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried, candied or fresh fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or extracts. They may be filled with fruit preserves or dessert sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and adorned with marzipan, piped edges, or candied fruit. Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and 1st birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and réduits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually dark brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, floor, and often flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains mostly powdered cocoa solids and cocoa chausser in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate presently consumed is in the form of sweet dark chocolate, combining chocolate with glucose. Business is sweet chocolate that additionally contains whole milk powder or condensed whole milk. Candy contains cocoa chausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Darker chocolate is produced by adding fat and glucose to the cacao blend, with no milk or much less than milk chocolate.