Written By fania lubis on Sunday, 27 November 2016 | 12:38
Treat is a course that proves a main meal. The course usually contains sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include coffee, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western Africa, there is no custom of a dessert course to conclude a meal.The expression "dessert" can affect many confections, such as bread, tarts, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and nice soups. Fruit is also commonly found in treat courses because of its naturally occurring sweetness. Some cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly gustful strong gamy palatable to create desserts.
The particular word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education manual entitled Naturall and artificial Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. In his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served after the table experienced been cleared of other dishes. The term dates from the 14th century but achieved its current meaning across the beginning of the twentieth century when "service? la fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes available at the same time) was replace by "service? la russe" (presenting a food in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in historic Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were most likely the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and processed in India before five hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, so that it is easy to transport, by five-hundred CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugars available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and China by 600 CE. In South Asia, the Center East and China, sugars has been a staple of cooking and desserts for over a 1000 years. Sugarcane and sugar were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization distribute its use.Europeans started out to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Even then sugar was so expensive usually only the rich could indulge on special occasions. The first apple company pie recipe was posted in 1381. The first documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The particular Industrial Revolution in America and Europe caused sweets (and food in general) to be mass-produced, prepared, preserved, canned, and packaged. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing appeared. These fully processed foods became a sizable part of diets in many industrialized nations. Many countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with glucose and delicate flour. Cakes can differ from light, cut sponge cakes to dense cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried out, candied or fresh fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or extracts. They may be filled up with fruit preserves or dessert sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and embellished with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit. Dessert is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and réduits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, surface, and sometimes flavored. Pure, unsweet ill-flavored chocolate contains mostly cacao solids and cocoa rechausser in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate currently consumed is in the form of sweet chocolates, combining chocolate with glucose. Business is sweet chocolates that additionally contains whole milk powder or condensed milk. Candy contains cocoa chausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Darker chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugar to the cacao blend, with no milk or much less than whole milk chocolate.