Written By fania lubis on Monday, 28 November 2016 | 12:38
Treat is a course that concludes a primary meal. The course usually includes sweet foods and beverages, such as dessert wine or liqueurs, but may include espresso, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items. In some parts of the world, such as much of central and western Africa, there is no custom of the dessert course to conclude food intake.The expression "dessert" can apply at many confections, such as truffles, tarts, cookies, biscuits, jellies, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, custards, and sweet soups. Fruit is also commonly found in dessert courses because of their naturally occurring sweetness. Several cultures sweeten foods that are more commonly tasty to create desserts.
The particular word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir, meaning "to clear the table. " Its first known use was in 1600, in a health education manual entitled Naturall and unnatural Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan. In his A History of Dessert (2013), Michael Krondl explains it refers to the fact dessert was served after the table got been cleared of other dishes. The term dates from the 14th century but attained its current meaning round the beginning of the twentieth century when "service? una fran? aise" (setting a variety of dishes on the table at the same time) was replaced with "service? la russe" (presenting a dinner in courses. )"Sweets were fed to the gods in old Mesopotamia: 6 and India: 16 and other ancient civilizations. Dried fruit and honey were possibly the first sweeteners used in almost all of the world, but the spread of sugarcane around the world was essential to the development of dessert.: 13The spread of sugarcane Sugarcane was grown and refined in India before five-hundred BCE: 26 and was crystallized, rendering it easy to transport, by 500 CE. Sugar and sugarcane were traded, making sugar available to Macedonia by 300 BCE and China by 600 CE. In South Asia, the Midsection East and China, sugars has been a basic piece of cooking and sweets for over a thousand years. Sugarcane and sugar were little known and rare in Europe until the twelfth century or later, when the Crusades and then colonialization propagate its use.Europeans commenced to manufacture sugar in the Middle Ages, and more sweet desserts became available. Actually then sugar was so expensive usually the particular wealthy could indulge on special occasions. The first the apple company pie recipe was posted in 1381. The first documentation of the term cupcake was in "Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. The Industrial Revolution in The united states and Europe caused puddings (and food in general) to be mass-produced, processed, preserved, canned, and packed. Frozen foods became very popular starting in the 1920s when freezing surfaced. These processed foods became a big part of diets in many industrialized nations. Several countries have desserts and foods distinctive to their nations or region.Cakes are sweet sensitive breads made with sugars and delicate flour. Bread can vary from light, airy sponge cakes to thick cakes with less flour. Common flavourings include dried, candied or fresh fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or extracts. They may be filled with fruit preserves or delicacy sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and adorned with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit. Dessert is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries, and birthdays. Small-sized cakes have become popular, in the form of cupcakes and petits fours. Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually dark brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted, ground, and sometimes flavored. Pure, unsweetened chocolate contains generally cacao solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions. A lot of the chocolate presently consumed is in the form of sweet chocolates, combining chocolate with sugars. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolate that additionally contains dairy powder or condensed whole milk. Candy contains cocoa chausser, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Darkish chocolate is produced by adding fat and glucose to the cacao mixture, with no milk or much less than dairy chocolate.